الأحد، 3 يناير، 2010

Bratrand Russell



صورة لبيرتراند راسل سنة 1907

Philosophy in the twentieth century



Ever since the end of the middle age philosophy has steadily deaclined in social and political importance . William of ockham ; one of the greatest of mediaval philosophers was hired by the kaiser to write pamphlets against the pop ; in those days many burning questions were bound up with disputes in the schools . The advances of philosophy in the seventeenth-century were more or less connected with political opposition to the catholic church ; Malebranche - it is true- was apriest .. but priests are not allowed to accept his philosophy . The disciples of locke in eighteenth-century france and the Benthamitse in nineteenth-century england were for the most part extreme radicals in politics and created the modern bourgeois liberal outlook . But the correlation between philosophical and political opinions grows less definite as we advance .. Hume was atroy in politics though an extreme radical in philosophy . Only in russia which remained mediaval till the revolution has any ciear connection of philosophy and politics survived . Bolsheviks are materialists .. while whites are idealists . In Tibet the connection is even closer ; the second offical in the state is called the " metaphysician in chief" Elswhere philosophy is not longer held in such high esteem
....

مش بطال ..يجي مني يعني .. للحديث بقيه ان شاء الله


ليست هناك تعليقات: